Guide To The Non Profit Statement Of Activities

But a nonprofit calls the difference between revenue and expenses change in net assets. At Altruic Advisors, our nonprofit accountants have helped more than 500 organizations across the country with outsourced accounting, Form 990 preparation, annuity present value formula + calculator and nonprofit audit services. Donor restrictions are also identified on the Statement of Activities. You will typically see two columns – one for income/expenses with donor restrictions, and one for income/expenses without donor restrictions.

Statement of activities reports are considered highly important financial statements and are used by executives and accountants to perform monthly financial analysis. Some of the key functionality in this type of report is that it is parameter driven and can be run for a month and across one or multiple organizational units. The columns provide current period, last year and budget comparisons and variances. The year-to-date (YTD) columns can also be expanded to see the individual months that make up the YTD amounts.

Types of revenue on a nonprofit statement of activities

A Statement of Activities shows whether an organization made a profit or a loss during a period of time. It is a financial snapshot that can be used to track the organization’s financial progress. Sharing these 3 sections with donors provides transparency and helps them understand where their donation goes. Websites like GuideStar also look at these reports when choosing which nonprofit to award their platinum and gold seals of approval.

The net assets featured on your nonprofit statement of activities are simply your expenses subtracted from your revenue. This calculation shows the equity of your nonprofit organization and whether you have the revenue to cover expenses, creating a sustainable organization. Also included in your restricted revenue is temporarily restricted revenue.

  • But it’s also an excellent tool for understanding just how healthy your business is.
  • As a nonprofit, some of your grants and donations may come with donor restrictions.
  • Tom is a multi-disciplined leader with over a decade of experience in nonprofit operations, technology leadership in government, and over two decades of servant leadership.

To help you grasp the concept, let’s consider a hypothetical nonprofit organization. Here’s an example of what their Statement of Activities might look like. If the net income is positive, that means the organization is making more money than it’s spending. It means the organization is doing well and is able to continue its operations.

Statement of Activities Line Items

These standards provide guidelines for proper financial reporting, including the preparation of the Statement of Activities. The nonprofit statement of activities is one of the core accounting documents that your organization creates. It allows you to see how your organization uses its funding to advance its mission and allocate resources.

Statement of Activities: Reading a Nonprofit Income Statement

To make this process easier, we recommend that your organization partner with a nonprofit accountant like the experts at Jitasa. Our team will meet you where you are in compiling your statement of activities, analyze your financial data, and make tailored recommendations to improve your revenue and expense allocation going forward. Nonprofits must compile an income statement every year to be in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The statement of activities can be incredibly helpful when your nonprofit is analyzing its finances and trying to determine where those hard-earned fundraising dollars go. Your organization works hard to raise funds and to use those funds to further your mission.

What is a Statement Of Activities in a Nonprofit

A statement of activities shows your organization’s revenue and expenses over a reporting period and relays that your organization is a good steward of donations and working to accomplish its mission. By analyzing your nonprofit’s statement of activities, your organization can determine if the expenditures currently allocated for each of your programs are sustainable for the long run. You can use the information in this statement to better understand if now is the right time to cut expenses, provide membership discounts, or secure additional funding through grants or sponsorships. Statement of Activities is part of your nonprofit’s accounting requirements and is often included in its annual report or audited financial report. If you’re starting a new nonprofit, a statement of activities is one of the 4 financial reports you must file. Financial statements function as an organized system for reporting on your nonprofit’s resources, so your organization is regularly held accountable to itself, its supporters, and its community.


Temporarily restricted profits might have a restriction on them for a given time period. Once that time period lapses or the purpose of the funds is fulfilled, those funds can be used for something else. This is no longer relevant, but it might be useful in looking at historical nonprofit statement of activities. Program services, management expenses, budgeting, financial and administrative fees. Expenses should be reported as major classes of program services and supporting activities.

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Return to the Internal Reports Introduction page for links to greater detail on how to read various reports as well as recommended formatting. Websites like GuideStar also show a nonprofit’s Statement of Activities and use these details to award seals of approval. For instance, if you have a donor that wants to donate to school technology, your report must show that.

This report also shares how things can be improved by increasing revenue and decreasing costs. This article will discuss what a statement of activities entails and why nonprofits need them. Your nonprofit Income Statement shows the year-over-year income and spending trends. And how those expenses relate to the work of carrying out your mission. You should look at your Statement of Activities every month and compare to previous periods.


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